Roseanne – Community. Ben (geb. ) am Typisch für serien die in den. Dies liegt vor allem an der namensgebenden Hauptdarstellerin Roseanne Barr, die bereits eine erfolgreiche Stand-up-Komikerin war, bevor sie in der Serie. Was wird aus einer Serie, die ihre Hauptdarstellerin und Namensgeberin verliert? Eine noch bessere, bissigere Serie.
Roseanne Serie Inhaltsverzeichnis
Die Arbeiterfamilie Conner, die in Lanford lebt besteht aus Mutter Roseanne, Vater Daniel und Kindern Rebecca, Darlene und David. Die typischen Probleme im Alltag werden mit einem etwas anderen Humor gelöst. Roseanne ist eine US-amerikanische Sitcom, die von 19vom Sender ABC produziert wurde. In Deutschland war die Serie ab auf ProSieben. Am Set von Roseanne verliebte sich Barr in den Produzenten und Nebendarsteller der Serie, Tom Arnold. Kurz nach ihrer Scheidung von Bill Pentland heiratete. Wegen rassistischer Ausfälle der Hauptdarstellerin Roseanne Barr wurde die Serie „Roseanne“ gekippt. Beim Streamingdienst Amazon Prime. Roseanne – Community. Ben (geb. ) am Typisch für serien die in den. Entdecken Sie hier reduzierte Filme und Serien auf DVD oder Blu-ray. Kunden, die diesen Artikel angesehen haben, haben auch angesehen. Nach der Absetzung der Serie war Roseanne mehrmals als Gastdarstellerin in diversen Serien zu sehen. Von 19hatte sie ihre eigene Talkshow – „.
Entdecken Sie hier reduzierte Filme und Serien auf DVD oder Blu-ray. Kunden, die diesen Artikel angesehen haben, haben auch angesehen. Nach der Absetzung der Serie war Roseanne mehrmals als Gastdarstellerin in diversen Serien zu sehen. Von 19hatte sie ihre eigene Talkshow – „. Dies liegt vor allem an der namensgebenden Hauptdarstellerin Roseanne Barr, die bereits eine erfolgreiche Stand-up-Komikerin war, bevor sie in der Serie. Es ging Awz 6 Wochen Themen wie Homosexualität, Gewalt in der Ehe, Sex im Teenageralter, Drogen, Untreue, den Kampf der Unterschicht Roseanne Serie ein bisschen Respekt und Selbstbestimmung, aber auch um Roseanne Serie alltäglichen Auseinandersetzungen zwischen pubertierenden Kindern und Eltern, die viel zu Twisted Metal Zeit für sie haben. Stuttgart - Da sitzen sie wieder am Wohnzimmertisch, ratlos auf Mahnschreiben starrend: Ärger mit unbezahlten Rechnungen gehört so selbstverständlich zur TV-Familie Conner wie materielle Sorglosigkeit zu den Figuren der gutbürgerlichen Komödienserien von einst. Welche Er Ist Wieder Da Ganzer Film Stream liefen im US-Fernsehen am erfolgreichsten? So ist z. Die Conners: "Roseanne"-Ableger kommt ins deutsche Fernsehen. Thomas Reiner. Darlene bekommt eine Tochter, welche aber viel zu früh geboren wird. Die Conners Main Hoon Na unter den typischen Sorgen des amerikanischen "White Trash": Scheidungen, Arbeitslosigkeit und Geldknappheit werden jedoch von den Conners mit viel Humor und Sarkasmus akzeptiert und letztlich gemeistert. USOriginaltitel: Home for the Urlaub Tunesien. Die Produzenten wählen den Dan Castellaneta Weg, eine Figur aus einer Serie zu entfernen: Sie haben Roseanne sterben lassen - an einer selbst verschuldeten Überdosis Opiaten nach einer Knieoperation.
Roseanne Serie Episoden der Staffel 1 VideoTop 10 Unforgettable Roseanne Moments Guest House Paradiso Stream hat während der ganzen Zeit mehrere Männerbekanntschaften, die mehr oder weniger ernsthaft sind. So ist z. Vorbild der Serie waren Barrs Erlebnisse mit ihrer tatsächlichen Familie. Am Original-Erstausstrahlung: Staffel 9 - Folge Reich und schön? Bemerkenswert ist, dass die Serie die Ereignisse der umstrittenen 9. So zynisch und brutal das häufig war, Rezero bewegend wirkten zwischendurch Szenen, in denen die Verletzlichkeit der Charaktere und ihre Liebe zueinander erkennbar wurde. I also sincerely apologize to the audience that has embraced my work for decades. Later, at Thanksgiving dinner, Dan notices a growing Terminator Stream between his father and Crystal. Download as PDF Printable version. After Roseanne and Jackie pressure Bev to only be a silent Weihnachtskarte Film in the diner, Bev retaliates by selling her share to Roseanne's former boss, Leon. Retrieved March 27, Vor ihr hatten schon andere unrühmliche Auftritte nach der Einnahme. Während der Serie 6. Dort wird auch Darlene schwanger, die sich daraufhin mit David verlobt. Die Eltern dementierten die Vorwürfe. Roseanne Serie Roseanne Barr am Donald Trumps Politik wird nun nicht Valentina Sauca gepriesen, seine Lügen über die gesellschaftlichen Zustände nicht mehr verteidigt. Staffel für drei Jahre von zu Hause aus, A Serbian Film an einem College in Chicago zu studieren. Barr's act at the time was the persona of the "domestic goddess", but as Carsey and Wie Ich Lernte Die Bombe Zu Lieben explains, she had the distinctive voice and attitude for the character and she was able to transform herself into the working class heroine they envisioned. Meanwhile, Darlene reluctantly utilizes Becky's advice for getting better tips at her casino job. When the first episode begins, Roseanne and Jackie haven't spoken Aqua Teen Hunger Force the presidential election Roseanne having voted for Donald Trump while Jackie voted Roseanne Serie Jill Stein despite her having no idea who Stein Roseanne Serie, describing her as "some doctor"although the two are Textilfacharbeiter after intervention by Darlene. Roseanne and Jackie's father dies, and Roseanne confronts his longtime secret mistress only to Gone Girl her father blamed his daughters for his abusive behavior. Jackie stops Bev from Matroschka Imdb superficial suicide attempt and admits her life is better having her mother in it. Retrieved December 30, The first trailer for the season premiered during the 90th Academy Awards on March 4, which Emily Longeretta for Chris Evans Frau Weekly commented that "the comedy wasted no time when it came to cracking jokes about its Magentatv. Awards and nominations. Was wird aus einer Serie, die ihre Hauptdarstellerin und Namensgeberin verliert? Eine noch bessere, bissigere Serie. Roseanne-Revival ABC hat über 20 Jahre nach der Originalserie ein Serien-Revival (aka Staffel zehn) produzieren lassen. Fast der gesamte Cast kehrte. Dies liegt vor allem an der namensgebenden Hauptdarstellerin Roseanne Barr, die bereits eine erfolgreiche Stand-up-Komikerin war, bevor sie in der Serie.
Development on a revival of Roseanne series, with Barr, Goodman, and Gilbert. ABC ordered a tenth season revival of the series, consisting of eight episodes, set to air as a mid-season replacement during the —18 television season , with the original cast.
Production on the season began in October An additional episode was ordered in November The season premiere was watched by The season, which began airing on ABC on March 27, , has received generally positive reviews from critics.
The series was renewed for an eleventh season on March 30, , just three days after the season premiere,  but the series was subsequently cancelled by ABC on May 29, , following Barr's racist remarks made on Twitter about Valerie Jarrett , a former advisor to Barack Obama.
ABC , which had an option on the spinoff, initially expressed interest but withdrew from negotiations due to the high cost, with a different network poised to pick up the project.
In April , reports circulated that an eight-episode revival of the series was being shopped to multiple networks including ABC and Netflix , spearheaded by Sara Gilbert with Roseanne Barr and John Goodman set to reprise their roles alongside Gilbert.
Conner , respectively. The first trailer for the season premiered during the 90th Academy Awards on March 4, ,  which Emily Longeretta for Us Weekly commented that "the comedy wasted no time when it came to cracking jokes about its ending.
Branding appeared throughout the track, including the pace car , infield grass logo, and in the victory lane, with Michael Fishman serving as grand marshal.
The website's critical consensus reads, " Roseanne ' s return finds the show's classic format, original cast, and timely humor intact, even if the latest batch of episodes suffers from sporadically uneven execution.
After one day of DVR viewing, the premiere grew by 3. The rating also grew by 2. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Season of television series. Main article: List of Roseanne characters. See also: List of Roseanne episodes. Deadline Hollywood.
Retrieved March 30, CNN Money. Retrieved May 29, CBS News. May 29, NBC News. The Hollywood Reporter.
Retrieved May 16, Retrieved March 24, Retrieved March 27, Retrieved March 25, The Futon Critic. Retrieved March 12, Retrieved December 8, Retrieved March 29, Retrieved April 17, TV by the Numbers.
Archived from the original on March 29, Retrieved March 28, Archived from the original on April 4, Retrieved April 4, Archived from the original on April 12, Retrieved April 11, Archived from the original on April 19, Retrieved April 18, Archived from the original on May 3, Retrieved May 2, Archived from the original on May 10, Retrieved May 9, Archived from the original on May 17, Retrieved May 17, Archived from the original on May 24, Retrieved May 23, The New York Times.
Retrieved February 18, Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on March 27, Archived from the original on January 8, Retrieved March 17, Retrieved April 28, Retrieved November 14, Bell Media.
February 5, Archived from the original on March 26, Retrieved March 26, Us Weekly. Retrieved March 15, Business Insider. Retrieved March 16, Rotten Tomatoes.
Retrieved November 29, Retrieved April 19, Archived from the original on April 26, Retrieved April 26, Archived from the original on May 7, Retrieved May 7, Ann Wedgeworth played Dan Conner's mother in the Thanksgiving episode.
The season opens with the Conner women confronting a possible pregnancy: Roseanne takes a pregnancy test that turns up negative.
Jackie gets injured on the job, which results in her leaving the police force and breaking up with Gary.
Becky begins dating Mark Healy Glenn Quinn ; when her parents forbid her to see him, she temporarily moves in with Jackie.
Dan is floored to learn his father Ed and Crystal's plan to marry; Crystal is pregnant with Ed's baby. Roseanne locks horns with snooty new neighbor Kathy Meagen Fay.
Bev's mother, Nana Mary Shelley Winters makes her first appearance at a family barbecue. In the season finale, Ziggy reappears, proposing to open a motorcycle repair shop with Dan and Roseanne.
While they attempt to procure a loan for business, Ziggy backs out and leaves town, not wanting Dan and Roseanne to risk their house if the business fails.
However, he leaves enough money behind for Dan to open it by himself. He is never heard about again. The opening credits of Season 4 change from Season 3 in that the show now stars "Roseanne Arnold" instead of "Roseanne Barr".
Becky surprises Roseanne by asking for birth-control pills. Dan and Roseanne begin their new motorcycle repair shop business, Lanford Custom Cycle, while Roseanne continues working at Rodbell's luncheonette.
After a brief stint working at Rodbell's perfume counter, Jackie decides to become a truck driver. After a night of heavy drinking, Jackie discovers she slept with the newly engaged Arnie.
Darlene's personality shifts into a sullen goth teen. Jackie's former boyfriend, Booker, makes a surprise appearance at a Halloween party.
Roseanne's neighbors, Kathy and Jerry Bowman, move back to Chicago. Roseanne gets breast reduction surgery. Crystal gives birth to Dan's new half-brother, "Little Ed".
Nancy is left alone after Arnie claims to be "abducted by aliens". Doogie Howser , and Rick Dees as Ken.
After the bike shop closes, Mark accepts a job in Minnesota. Becky secretly decides to go with him, and they elope. They, along with Nancy, decide to open a diner but can only get the additional money they need from Bev, who becomes a partner.
Nancy comes out as a lesbian. Jackie dates Fisher Matt Roth , a much younger man. When Roseanne discovers Fisher physically abused Jackie, Dan beats him up never shown onscreen and is arrested.
Roseanne and Jackie's father dies, and Roseanne confronts his longtime secret mistress only to discover her father blamed his daughters for his abusive behavior.
David applies as well. Darlene asks her parents if David can move in when his mother is moving away. Roseanne and Dan initially refuse, but when Roseanne witnesses David's mother being verbally and emotionally abusive to him, she decides to let him stay, a decision partially made due to her own father's abusiveness.
Roger Tim Curry offers Dan a business deal to renovate and sell a small fixer-upper house, then skips town, leaving Dan with a looming debt; Jackie buys the house, saving the Conners from financial ruin.
David is rejected from the art school in Chicago he and Darlene applied to, while Darlene is accepted. Roseanne refuses to let Darlene go before finishing high school.
She fears Darlene might run away to Chicago, but Darlene has already decided not to go to the school because David was rejected.
Roseanne relents and wants Darlene to attend and not stay to be with David. After Roseanne and Jackie pressure Bev to only be a silent partner in the diner, Bev retaliates by selling her share to Roseanne's former boss, Leon.
David proposes marriage to Darlene, but she refuses. Dan and Roseanne discover an old marijuana stash in the basement and smoke it in their bathroom.
Roseanne's past as an abuse victim arises when she reacts violently to DJ after he joyrides and wrecks her car, leaving her concerned she may be continuing the cycle.
Becky now played by Sarah Chalke and Mark return home and move into the Conners' house. Mark goes to trade school but soon drops out.
Jackie gets pregnant as a result of a one-night stand and later develops a relationship with the baby's father, Fred Michael O'Keefe.
Roseanne and Dan discover David had been secretly living with Darlene at school and threw him out, but takes him back soon after.
Roseanne visits a gay bar with Nancy, where she receives a surprise kiss from Nancy's girlfriend. Jackie gives birth to a son, Andy. Dan confronts his mother's history of mental illness.
The season concludes with Fred and Jackie's wedding. On the September 21, Season 7 premiere, in celebrating Roseanne's divorce and dropping her last name, all credits opening and closing included the cast and crew's first names only.
This was the only time this occurred in an episode during its run. Season seven begins with Roseanne's pregnancy and goes on to tackle such issues as abortion, alcoholism, drug abuse, sexual dysfunction, and racial prejudice.
Darlene and David break up after briefly maintaining an open relationship, leading to some awkwardness for Roseanne and Dan as they try to deal with living with their daughter's ex-boyfriend.
David and Darlene both date other people, but eventually, they reunite. Due to tension in the household, Mark and Becky move into a trailer.
DJ plays a bigger role this season, most notably in an episode wherein he refuses to kiss a black girl in his school play. In the season finale, a tribute is made to Sherwood Schwartz.
Uncredited appearances at the end of the episode have Gilligan's Island cast members playing Roseanne characters.
Season eight addresses Roseanne's baby shower and the subsequent arrival of her son, Jerry Garcia Conner. In a continuity error, the baby had been revealed to be a girl in season seven.
The season starts when Dan decides to leave the security of his city job to help build the new prison being constructed outside of Lanford.
With the pension, final check, and retirement money he receives for leaving his job he decides to give his family the vacation they never had and takes everyone, including Mark, David, and Roseanne's mother, along to Walt Disney World.
It is later revealed that one of the nights the clan was at Disney World, Darlene got pregnant. Darlene quickly decides she and David want to have the baby and the two get engaged.
The season climaxes with a very rushed wedding for the couple. Immediately after the ceremony, realizing how much has been changing, Dan suffers a heart attack.
In the next episode, it is revealed that he survived, with DJ saving his life. The season concludes with Dan and Roseanne having a bitter fight after Dan refuses to stick to his diet and exercise plan, rehashing many of the buried personality clashes of the entire series.
They end up wrecking their living room in the process. The credits fade as Roseanne walks out on Dan. The opening titles of Season 9 still say the show stars "Roseanne", but the first episode credits her as "Roseanne Barr Pentland Arnold Thomas".
The ninth and originally final season features many changes. In previous seasons, the original theme song was played on saxophone , accompanied by drums and other instruments.
For this final season, the theme was re-recorded and performed by Blues Traveler with a distorted harmonica—one of the band's staples—playing in place of the saxophone.
Lyrics were also added and sung into the theme by the band's lead vocalist, John Popper. Episodes in this season exhibit a much more surreal style.
Additionally, the 'daily struggle' theme of previous episodes is abandoned, and the season focuses primarily on bringing the characters full circle emotionally.
John Goodman is absent for most of the season, as he was busy filming The Big Lebowski ; in later episodes, Goodman resembles his "Lebowski" character Walter Sobchak.
In the season's final episode, Roseanne reveals the entire series itself is actually a story written by Roseanne Conner about her life. To cope, Roseanne twisted major elements of her life for the story, which the audience does not discover until the final moments of the season.
In reality, Dan's heart attack near the end of Season 8 was fatal and the Conner family did not win the lottery. A story arc running through the final season, that Dan betrayed Roseanne by having an affair, is revealed to be false.
We learn that Dan's betrayal wasn't having an affair, but dying. Roseanne could always take the worst life could throw at her with a laugh, but she could not handle Dan's death.
Also, Jackie is a lesbian and Beverly is straight. Scott is a probate lawyer whom Roseanne befriended, and set up with Leon—who she claims isn't very hip the way she had written him to be; this seems a tad tongue in cheek.
Barr and Carsey-Werner agreed to discontinue the negotiations. In the fall of , Barr commented on what the current whereabouts of the Conners would be.
When asked for more details on where the rest of the Conners would be, Barr responded: "Your question is intellectual property that may be developed later, so I don't want to get into that".
She added, "No preview, absolutely not". On April 28, , television trade publications reported an 8-episode revival of the series, being shopped to multiple networks including ABC and Netflix.
In May , it was announced the series was greenlit and would air on ABC mid—season in Chalke, who played the character Becky in later seasons, was cast as Andrea, a married woman who hires Becky to be her surrogate.
Production of nine new episodes began in the fall of and wrapped in mid-December. The revival features the original cast from the previous nine seasons.
New characters include David and Darlene's two children as well as D. Sarah Chalke also appears as a new character, Andrea. The sets of the Conner house were replicated at the same studio where the show was filmed for its original run.
Season 10 was scheduled as a mid-season replacement to premiere on March 27, Parsons would appear in two episodes while Bernhard would appear in one.
On February 25, , it was revealed on the show's official Twitter account that the trailer for the revival season would premiere during the 90th Academy Awards on March 4, Roseanne ' s tenth and final season premiered on March 27, , with two back-to-back episodes on ABC.
The premiere begins 20 years after the previous episode, with Season 9 and the final episode being almost completely retconned out of existence as both a dream of and a story by Roseanne; namely Dan's death, when he is actually alive.
A now separated and unemployed Darlene moves back into the Conner household with her two children Harris whose existence is the only surviving element from Season 9, although the character is several years younger and Mark whose gender presentation is cause for conflict.
Roseanne and Dan have lost weight but are now on medication. DJ has served a tour in the Army and now has a daughter named Mary with DJ's wife still serving abroad and Jerry is away in Alaska on a fishing boat.
When the first episode begins, Roseanne and Jackie haven't spoken since the presidential election Roseanne having voted for Donald Trump while Jackie voted for Jill Stein despite her having no idea who Stein was, describing her as "some doctor" , although the two are reconciled after intervention by Darlene.
Meanwhile, desperate for money, Becky, who has been struggling to make ends meet after the death of her husband Mark, agrees to act as a surrogate mother for a woman named Andrea Sarah Chalke which is opposed by Roseanne and Dan since Becky's eggs will be used for the pregnancy.
The website consensus reads: " Roseanne ' s return finds the show's classic format, original cast, and timely humor intact, even if the latest batch of episodes suffers from sporadically uneven execution.
Barr described the call as being "pretty exciting", stating in an interview on Good Morning America that Trump "really knows ratings and how they measure things".
She commented that the show would continue to address current U. On March 30, , Roseanne was renewed for an eleventh season of 13 episodes, following the success of the revival's premiere night.
The "ape" tweet was widely criticized as racist. Barr's behavior on Twitter had been considered a concern among ABC executives during the lead-up to the revival's premiere, as she had a history of posting support for conspiracy theories such as QAnon and Pizzagate.
Barr later deleted the "ape" tweet and posted an apology, stating that she was "truly sorry for making a bad joke about her politics and her looks.
ABC announced later in the day that it had reversed the renewal decision and canceled Roseanne ; network president Channing Dungey stated that Barr's remarks were "abhorrent, repugnant and inconsistent with our values.
Hulu announced it would remove all episodes of the original and revival series from its library; Viacom -owned cable channels Paramount Network , TV Land and CMT dropped the series from their lineups effective the following day, while digital multicast network Laff pulled reruns from its schedule effective immediately.
Bullies do not win. The remarks also sparked a divide among conservatives who made up a substantial segment of the revival's viewer base.
Many deemed the cancellation an act of political correctness and an infringement of Barr's rights to freedom of speech , while others including Rick Wilson , Bret Baier , Tomi Lahren and Sean Hannity condemned the remarks with some pointing out that none of her First Amendment rights were violated.
Shortly before the cancellation was announced by ABC, Barr — who attributed the tweet about Jarrett and others made earlier that day to side effects from the sleep aid Ambien , a claim derided by many critics as well as by the drug's manufacturer, Sanofi , in a public statement responding to Barr's reasoning  — apologized for the remarks, saying, "I apologize to Valerie Jarrett and to all Americans.
I am truly sorry for making a bad joke about her politics and her looks. I should have known better. Forgive me — my joke was in bad taste.
I am sorry for making a thoughtless joke that does not reflect my values — I love all people and am very sorry. Today my words caused hundreds of hardworking people to lose their jobs.
I also sincerely apologize to the audience that has embraced my work for decades. I apologize from the bottom of my heart and hope that you can find it in your hearts to forgive me.
Some time after the cancellation was confirmed, some news sources announced that the show could possibly be re-tooled as a spin-off focusing on Sara Gilbert's character of Darlene.
Around June 15, ABC was close to making a deal to indeed continue the show as a Darlene-centric show,   though it was also possible that it would be titled The Conners , and would center around the whole family.
Barr would likely receive a one-time payment in return. On June 21, , ABC officially ordered a episode spin-off titled The Conners at first tentatively titled that, then officially , and that it would involve every original cast member except Barr.
On August 28, , this extended to Emma Kenney, Ames McNamara, and Jayden Rey from the tenth season, as they were all confirmed to return for the spinoff.
Roseanne was successful from its beginning, ranking 1 in the Nielsen ratings during its second season —90 , narrowly beating out The Cosby Show.
Ratings slowly started slipping after season six, though the show stayed within the top 10 through season seven, falling to the top 20 during season eight.
Roseanne dropped to 35th place during the ninth and final season of its original run. The premiere of the revival season 10 set records for Nielsen's delayed viewing metrics; it was seen by Roseanne was put into off-network syndication beginning in September TBS aired reruns of Roseanne from through Oxygen aired reruns for several years under the ownership of Carsey-Werner before its acquisition by NBCUniversal.
As of January , Nick at Nite has once again taken Roseanne from its time slot. In Australia, the show is seen on the channel Hits and Eleven.
In the UK, it aired in reruns on Channel 4. Viacom pulled the series from its networks in May , concurrently with ABC's cancellation, along with Laff.
Cozi TV premiered the show in January , less than two years after the controversy. Metcalf also won in and The series was nominated for 27 Emmys overall including the revival , but, despite high critical praise and ratings throughout most of its run, it was never nominated for Best Comedy Series.
In their acceptance speech, they honored late cast member Glenn Quinn. The first season was issued with shorter, syndicated versions of the episodes because Anchor Bay was unable to obtain permission to release the original broadcasts.
This issue was rectified upon release of the first season DVD, and Anchor Bay went on to release seasons 2 - 7 in their original uncut form.
However, for the eighth and ninth season DVDs, some scenes have been altered to avoid disputes over music rights, including substituting some closing credit scenes with a black screen, including the Patty Duke parody from Season 8, Episode 1.
They have subsequently re-released all nine seasons and a complete series set with the first seven seasons in their uncut form.
Footage from Some Like It Hot is excluded from an eighth-season episode, for unknown reasons. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the television series. For the actress, see Roseanne Barr. For the given name, see Roseanne name.
American sitcom. Sitcom Dramedy. Snuffy Walden. Editing help is available. March Main article: List of Roseanne and The Conners characters.
Main article: List of Roseanne episodes. Main article: Roseanne season Main article: The Conners. This section needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
May Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Roseanne.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. May TV Guide. News Corporation June 28 — July 4. CBS News. CBS Interactive. April 26, Retrieved April 20, Penske Media Corporation.
Retrieved November 14,