451 Fahrenheit

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451 Fahrenheit

Fahrenheit ist ein dystopischer Roman von Ray Bradbury, der erstmals im Verlag „Ballantine Books“ (heute Random House) erschien und seitdem in. Fahrenheit ist ein britischer dystopischer Science-Fiction-Film des Regisseurs François Truffaut aus dem Jahr Er entstand nach dem gleichnamigen. Doch wirklich berühmt wurde Ray Bradbury für seine Science-Fiction-Fantasie über das Leben in einer totalitären Zukunft: "Fahrenheit ".

451 Fahrenheit Navigationsmenü

Fahrenheit ist ein dystopischer Roman von Ray Bradbury, der erstmals im Verlag „Ballantine Books“ erschien und seitdem in zahlreiche Sprachen übersetzt wurde. Er basiert auf der Novelle The Fire Man von Bradbury, die in Galaxy Science. Fahrenheit ist ein dystopischer Roman von Ray Bradbury, der erstmals im Verlag „Ballantine Books“ (heute Random House) erschien und seitdem in. Fahrenheit ist ein britischer dystopischer Science-Fiction-Film des Regisseurs François Truffaut aus dem Jahr Er entstand nach dem gleichnamigen. Fahrenheit | Ray Bradbury, Brian W. Aldiss | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Grad Fahrenheit, Grad Celsius: die Temperatur, bei der Bücherpapier Feuer fängt und verbrennt In der Zukunft ist das Lesen von Büchern streng. Der Science-Fiction-Roman»Fahrenheit «von Ray Bradbury stammt aus dem Jahr Der Klassiker wurde in zahlreiche Sprachen. Fahrenheit (die Temperatur, bei der Papier Feuer fängt) ist und bleibt eine eindringliche Mahnung gegen solche Tendenzen. Take-aways. Ray Bradburys.

451 Fahrenheit

Fahrenheit (die Temperatur, bei der Papier Feuer fängt) ist und bleibt eine eindringliche Mahnung gegen solche Tendenzen. Take-aways. Ray Bradburys. Doch wirklich berühmt wurde Ray Bradbury für seine Science-Fiction-Fantasie über das Leben in einer totalitären Zukunft: "Fahrenheit ". Grad Fahrenheit, Grad Celsius: die Temperatur, bei der Bücherpapier Feuer fängt und verbrennt In der Zukunft ist das Lesen von Büchern streng.

451 Fahrenheit - Inhaltsverzeichnis

Er braucht dafür seine Unterstützung. Als seine eigene Frau ihn wegen Bücherbesitzes denunziert, wird Montag gezwungen, sein Haus und die Bücher mit einem Flammenwerfer zu verbrennen.

The title page of the book explains the title as follows: Fahrenheit —The temperature at which book paper catches fire and burns Bradbury's lifelong passion for books began at an early age.

After graduating from high school, Bradbury's family could not afford for him to attend college so Bradbury began spending time at the Los Angeles Public Library where he essentially educated himself.

Wells , because, at the time, they were not deemed literary enough. Between this and learning about the destruction of the Library of Alexandria , [27] a great impression was made on the young man about the vulnerability of books to censure and destruction.

Later, as a teenager, Bradbury was horrified by the Nazi book burnings [28] and later by Joseph Stalin 's campaign of political repression, the " Great Purge ", in which writers and poets, among many others, were arrested and often executed.

Shortly after the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki at the conclusion of World War II , the United States focused its concern on the Soviet atomic bomb project and the expansion of communism.

The House Un-American Activities Committee HUAC , formed in to investigate American citizens and organizations suspected of having communist ties, held hearings in to investigate alleged communist influence in Hollywood movie-making.

These hearings resulted in the blacklisting of the so-called " Hollywood Ten ", [30] a group of influential screenwriters and directors.

This governmental interference in the affairs of artists and creative types greatly angered Bradbury. The rise of Senator Joseph McCarthy 's hearings hostile to accused communists , beginning in , deepened Bradbury's contempt for government overreach.

By about , the Cold War was in full swing, and the American public's fear of nuclear warfare and communist influence was at a feverish level. The stage was set for Bradbury to write the dramatic nuclear holocaust ending of Fahrenheit , exemplifying the type of scenario feared by many Americans of the time.

Bradbury's early life witnessed the Golden Age of Radio , while the transition to the Golden Age of Television began right around the time he started to work on the stories that would eventually lead to Fahrenheit Bradbury saw these forms of media as a threat to the reading of books, indeed as a threat to society, as he believed they could act as a distraction from important affairs.

This contempt for mass media and technology would express itself through Mildred and her friends and is an important theme in the book. Fahrenheit developed out of a series of ideas Bradbury had visited in previously written stories.

For many years, he tended to single out "The Pedestrian" in interviews and lectures as sort of a proto- Fahrenheit In the Preface of his anthology Match to Flame: The Fictional Paths to Fahrenheit he states that this is an oversimplification.

The following covers the most salient aspects. In late , [41] Bradbury was stopped and questioned by a police officer while walking late one night.

In The Pedestrian , Leonard Mead is harassed and detained by the city's remotely operated police cruiser there's only one for taking nighttime walks, something that has become extremely rare in this future-based setting: everybody else stays inside and watches television "viewing screens".

Alone and without an alibi , Mead is taken to the "Psychiatric Center for Research on Regressive Tendencies" for his peculiar habit.

Fahrenheit would later echo this theme of an authoritarian society distracted by broadcast media.

Bradbury expanded the book-burning premise of "Bright Phoenix" [45] and the totalitarian future of "The Pedestrian" [46] into "The Fireman", a novella published in the February issue of Galaxy Science Fiction.

Urged by a publisher at Ballantine Books to double the length of his story to make a novel, Bradbury returned to the same typing room and expanded his work into Fahrenheit , again taking just nine days.

Bradbury has supplemented the novel with various front and back matter , including a coda, [53] a afterword , [54] a foreword , and several introductions.

The first U. Shortly after the paperback, a hardback version was released that included a special edition of signed and numbered copies bound in asbestos.

Starting in January , Fahrenheit was subject to expurgation by its publisher, Ballantine Books with the release of the "Bal-Hi Edition" aimed at high school students.

In the one case, a drunk man became a "sick man" while cleaning fluff out of a human navel became "cleaning ears" in the other.

In , one of Bradbury's friends showed him an expurgated copy. Bradbury demanded that Ballantine Books withdraw that version and replace it with the original, and in the original version once again became available.

In this reinstated work, in the Author's Afterword, Bradbury relates to the reader that it is not uncommon for a publisher to expurgate an author's work, but he asserts that he himself will not tolerate the practice of manuscript "mutilation".

An audiobook version read by Bradbury himself was released in and received a Spoken Word Grammy nomination. In , Galaxy Science Fiction reviewer Groff Conklin placed the novel "among the great works of the imagination written in English in the last decade or more.

When the novel was first published, there were those who did not find merit in the tale. Anthony Boucher and J. Francis McComas were less enthusiastic, faulting the book for being "simply padded, occasionally with startlingly ingenious gimmickry, Schuyler Miller characterized the title piece as "one of Bradbury's bitter, almost hysterical diatribes," while praising its "emotional drive and compelling, nagging detail.

In the years since its publication, Fahrenheit has occasionally been banned, censored, or redacted in some schools by parents and teaching staff either unaware of or indifferent to the inherent irony in such censorship.

The following are some notable incidents:. Discussions about Fahrenheit often center on its story foremost as a warning against state-based censorship.

Indeed, when Bradbury wrote the novel during the McCarthy era , he was concerned about censorship in the United States. During a radio interview in , [80] [81] Bradbury said:.

I wrote this book at a time when I was worried about the way things were going in this country four years ago.

Too many people were afraid of their shadows; there was a threat of book burning. Many of the books were being taken off the shelves at that time.

And of course, things have changed a lot in four years. Things are going back in a very healthy direction. But at the time I wanted to do some sort of story where I could comment on what would happen to a country if we let ourselves go too far in this direction, where then all thinking stops, and the dragon swallows his tail, and we sort of vanish into a limbo and we destroy ourselves by this sort of action.

As time went by, Bradbury tended to dismiss censorship as a chief motivating factor for writing the story.

Instead he usually claimed that the real messages of Fahrenheit were about the dangers of an illiterate society infatuated with mass media and the threat of minority and special interest groups to books.

In the late s, Bradbury recounted:. In writing the short novel Fahrenheit , I thought I was describing a world that might evolve in four or five decades.

But only a few weeks ago, in Beverly Hills one night, a husband and wife passed me, walking their dog. I stood staring after them, absolutely stunned.

The woman held in one hand a small cigarette-package-sized radio, its antenna quivering. From this sprang tiny copper wires which ended in a dainty cone plugged into her right ear.

There she was, oblivious to man and dog, listening to far winds and whispers and soap-opera cries, sleep-walking, helped up and down curbs by a husband who might just as well not have been there.

This was not fiction. This story echoes Mildred's "Seashell ear-thimbles" i. In a interview, Bradbury maintained that people misinterpret his book and that Fahrenheit is really a statement on how mass media like television marginalizes the reading of literature.

There is more than one way to burn a book. And the world is full of people running about with lit matches. Students, reading the novel, which, after all, deals with censorship and book-burning in the future, wrote to tell me of this exquisite irony.

Judy-Lynn del Rey , one of the new Ballantine editors, is having the entire book reset and republished this summer with all the damns and hells back in place.

Book-burning censorship, Bradbury would argue, was a side-effect of these two primary factors; this is consistent with Captain Beatty's speech to Montag about the history of the firemen.

According to Bradbury, it is the people, not the state, who are the culprit in Fahrenheit A variety of other themes in the novel besides censorship have been suggested.

Two major themes are resistance to conformity and control of individuals via technology and mass media. Bradbury explores how the government is able to use mass media to influence society and suppress individualism through book burning.

The characters Beatty and Faber point out that the American population is to blame. Due to their constant desire for a simplistic, positive image, books must be suppressed.

Beatty blames the minority groups, who would take offense to published works that displayed them in an unfavorable light. Faber went further to state that the American population simply stopped reading on their own.

He notes that the book burnings themselves became a form of entertainment for the general public. In a interview, Bradbury stated that Fahrenheit was more relevant during this time than in any other, stating that, "it works even better because we have political correctness now.

Political correctness is the real enemy these days. The black groups want to control our thinking and you can't say certain things.

It's thought control and freedom of speech control. Bradbury described himself as "a preventor of futures, not a predictor of them.

Rather, he states that education must be at the kindergarten and first-grade level. If students are unable to read then, they will be unable to read Fahrenheit On account of technology, Sam Weller notes that Bradbury "predicted everything from flat-panel televisions to earbud headphones and twenty-four-hour banking machines.

The play combined plot ideas from Fahrenheit and Nineteen Eighty-Four. Bradbury sued and eventually won on appeal. A new film adaptation directed by Ramin Bahrani and starring Michael B.

In the late s Bradbury adapted his book into a play. At least part of it was performed at the Colony Theatre in Los Angeles in , but it was not in print until and the official world premiere was only in November by the Fort Wayne, Indiana Civic Theatre.

The stage adaptation diverges considerably from the book and seems influenced by Truffaut's movie. For example, fire chief Beatty's character is fleshed out and is the wordiest role in the play.

As in the movie, Clarisse does not simply disappear but in the finale meets up with Montag as a book character she as Robert Louis Stevenson , he as Edgar Allan Poe.

In , the novel was adapted into a computer text adventure game of the same name by the software company Trillium. In June , a graphic novel edition of the book was published.

The film takes a critical look at the presidency of George W. Bush , the War on Terror , and its coverage in the news media, and became the highest grossing documentary of all time.

The video game System Shock uses the numerical code "" for one of the first locked doors the player experiences in the game, specifically in reference to Fahrenheit In further immersive sims that follow the same gameplay style of System Shock , the "" is frequently reused at the first code the player encounters referencing its first appearance in System Shock.

Centigrade is a poem by Robert Calvert , published in a book and released as an album in The title alludes to Fahrenheit by its metric equivalent, "signifying the writer destroying his rough drafts".

In book 14 of the Guardians of Ga'Hoole series by Kathryn Lasky , published in and entitled Exile , Braithe states that the name of the Place of Living Books, also called Brad , comes from an author's name: "The author's full name is not known.

We call him Ray Brad. We think it's only scraps of his name but what is important is that he wrote about book burning ", thus referencing Fahrenheit and Ray Bradbury.

In the film Escape Room , the title of the book is used as a false clue in the first stage that causes the room to heat up to the namesake temperature gradually, pressuring players to find a way out or face a fiery death.

In , the literary book, "The Bookshop", was made into a movie, and one of the characters who read "Fahrenheit " wrote to the bookshop owner, requesting that she send him more books from Ray Bradbury, rather than books on poems and romance.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the novel. For other uses, see Fahrenheit disambiguation. First edition cover clothbound.

Dewey Decimal. Main articles: Fahrenheit film and Fahrenheit film. Main article: Fahrenheit video game. One interpretation is that he means the 20th century, which would place the novel in at least the 24th century.

This sets a lower bound on the time setting. In later decades, some editions have changed this year to or Laughlin, Charlotte; Lee, Billy C.

Paperback Quarterly. III 3 : The first paperback edition featured illustrations by Joe Mugnaini and contained two stories in addition to the title tale: 'The Playground' and 'And The Rock Cried Out'.

In Bloom, Harold ; Hobby, Blake eds. Civil Disobedience. Infobase Publishing. While Fahrenheit begins as a dystopic novel about a totalitarian government that bans reading, the novel ends with Montag relishing the book he has put to memory.

The New York Times : October 19, Ray Bradbury: A Critical Companion. Critical Companions to Popular Contemporary Writers.

Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. Fahrenheit is considered one of Bradbury's best works. A Companion to Science Fiction. Blackwell Companions to Literature and Culture.

Malden, MA: Blackwell Publications. Biography in Sound. Narrated by Norman Rose. NBC Radio News. December 4, Retrieved February 2, Boyle May 30, LA Weekly website.

Retrieved July 9, Bradbury still has a lot to say, especially about how people do not understand his most famous literary work, Fahrenheit , published in Bradbury, a man living in the creative and industrial center of reality TV and one-hour dramas, says it is, in fact, a story about how television destroys interest in reading literature.

Conversations with Ray Bradbury. Commonwealth Club of California. Retrieved March 5, May The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction.

Retrieved August 9, The New York Times. Retrieved August 10, Fahrenheit is set in an unnamed city in the United States, possibly in the Midwest, in some undated future.

Greasley, Philip A. Dictionary of Midwestern Literature. Indiana University Press. Fahrenheit is not set in any specific locale Readings on Fahrenheit Literary Companion Series.

Montag does not realize at first that she is gone, or that he misses her; he simply feels that something is the matter.

The Mechanical Hound is an eight-legged glass and metal contraption that serves as a surveillance tool and programmable killing machine for the firemen, who use it to track down suspected book hoarders and readers.

Montag's new neighbor, the sixteen-year-old Clarisse, appears in only a few scenes at the beginning of the novel.

The Digital Antiquarian. Retrieved July 10, News and World Report. Associated Press. Retrieved August 3, The View from the Cheap Seats.

He called the Los Angeles fire department and asked them at what temperature paper burned. Fahrenheit , somebody told him.

He had his title. It didn't matter if it was true or not. Retrieved February 11, Forest Service U.

Department of Agriculture. The Library Book. Facts on File Library of American Literature. He 'wept' when he learned at the age of nine that the ancient library of Alexandria had been burned.

Greenwood Publishing Group. The Big Read. Well, we should learn from history about the destruction of books. When I was fifteen years old, Hitler burned books in the streets of Berlin.

And it terrified me because I was a librarian and he was touching my life: all those great plays, all that great poetry, all those wonderful essays, all those great philosophers.

So, it became very personal, didn't it? Then I found out about Russia burning the books behind the scenes. But they did it in such a way that people didn't know about it.

They killed the authors behind the scenes. They burned the authors instead of the books. So I learned then how dangerously [ sic ] it all was.

In the movie business the Hollywood Ten were sent to prison for refusing to testify before the House Un-American Activities Committee , and in the Screen Writers Guild Bradbury was one of the lonely voices opposing the loyalty oath imposed on its members.

Ray Bradbury uncensored! Lincoln, NE: iUniverse. Ray Bradbury Uncensored! Ray Bradbury: The Life of Fiction.

Kent State University Press. Paranoia, the Bomb, and s Science Fiction Films. Popular Press. Even if many s sf films seem comic to us today, they register the immediacy of the nuclear threat for their original audiences.

In Albright, Donn; Eller, Jon eds. For many years I've told people that Fahrenheit was the result of my story 'The Pedestrian' continuing itself in my life.

It turns out that this is a misunderstanding of my own past. Long before 'The Pedestrian' I did all the stories that you'll find in this book and forgot about them.

USA: Gauntlet Pr. Ray Bradbury calls this story, the first of the tandem, 'a curiosity. I wrote it [he says] back in —48 and it remained in my files over the years, going out only a few times to quality markets like Harper's Bazaar or The Atlantic Monthly , where it was dismissed.

It lay in my files and collected about it many ideas. These ideas grew large and became National Endowment for the Arts.

Archived from the original on May 11, Albright, Donn; Eller, Jon eds. The specific incident that sparked 'The Pedestrian' involved a similar late-night walk with a friend along Wilshire Boulevard near Western Avenue sometime in late When I came out of a restaurant when I was thirty years old, and I went walking along Wilshire Boulevard with a friend, and a police car pulled up and the policeman got up and came up to us and said, 'What are you doing?

I said, 'Putting one foot in front of the other' and that was the wrong answer but he kept saying, you know, 'Look in this direction and that direction: there are no pedestrians' but that give me the idea for 'The Pedestrian' and 'The Pedestrian' turned into Montag!

So the police officer is responsible for the writing of Fahrenheit Metacritic Reviews. Photo Gallery.

Trailers and Videos. Crazy Credits. Alternate Versions. Rate This. In an oppressive future, a fireman whose duty is to destroy all books begins to question his task.

Available on Amazon. Added to Watchlist. Watched - As good as the novel. Ray Bradbury is one of the greats. Movies based on books I read.

Share this Rating Title: Fahrenheit 7. Use the HTML below. You must be a registered user to use the IMDb rating plugin. Release the 4K Kracken!

Another 3 nominations. Edit Cast Complete credited cast: Julie Christie Guy Montag Cyril Cusack Captain Beatty Anton Diffring Man with the Apple Bee Duffell Book Woman Alex Scott Edit Storyline Based on the Ray Bradbury novel of the same name.

Taglines: What if you had no right to read? Edit Did You Know? Trivia According to producer Lewis M. Allen , it was his last-minute idea to have Julie Christie play both main female roles.

Allen says Terence Stamp then withdrew from playing Montag because Stamp felt that with two parts, Christie would overshadow him.

Goofs When the books are being burned in the beginning of the movie, some books that are on the ground suddenly appear in the fire pit even though nobody moved them.

Oskar Werner, Julie Christie Crazy Credits The beginning credits are spoken instead of written on the screen. Was this review helpful to you?

Yes No Report this. Add the first question. Edit Details Country: UK. Language: English. Runtime: min. Color: Color Technicolor.

Edit page. The Best "Bob's Burgers" Parodies. Clear your history. Captain Beatty.

451 Fahrenheit

451 Fahrenheit - wer | wie | was

Mit jedem verbrannten Buch soll der Geist des Menschen ausgelöscht werden, der es geschrieben hat. Sie ist gegen ihren Willen bei einem Psychiater in Behandlung, weil sie sich angeblich nicht in die Gesellschaft eingliedern will. Ihm fällt auch auf, dass in den Medien kaum über den Krieg berichtet wird, in den sein Land gerade verwickelt ist. 451 Fahrenheit

451 Fahrenheit Navigeringsmeny Video

Why should you read “Fahrenheit 451”? - Iseult Gillespie Mildred erwähnt in Verena Zimmermann Schauspieler Tonfall, dass sie von einem Auto überfahren wurde. Das ist unser Wahlspruch. DE Besser Als Kinox.To kann seine Abscheu vor dem hohlen und grausamen Gerede der Frauen nicht mehr verbergen. Andere Kunden interessierten sich auch für. Feuerkelche Bedeutungen sind unter Fahrenheit Begriffsklärung aufgeführt. Einer von ihnen hat ein Verfahren entwickelt, um das fotografische Gedächtnis des Menschen zu aktivieren. Es ist seine Aufgabe, Bücher zu beschlagnahmen und zu verbrennen. Doch wirklich berühmt wurde Ray Bradbury für seine Science-Fiction-Fantasie über das Leben in einer totalitären Zukunft: "Fahrenheit ". Der große Klassiker der Weltliteratur • Grad Fahrenheit oder Grad Celsius – die Temperatur, bei der Papier verbrennt. Guy Montag ist Feuerwehrmann. Fahrenheit oder Celcius - die Temperatur, bei der Papier verbrennt. Guy Montag ist Feuerwehrmann. Es ist seine Aufgabe, Bücher zu beschlagnahmen. Denn Bücher sind gefährlich, sie verwirren die Menschen und machen sie unglücklich. Schlagworte Websites diezukunft. Pflichtgetreu versieht Feuerwehrmann Guy Montag seinen Dienst. Inhaltsangabe lesen. Die Ansätze für diesen Zukunftsentwurf waren damals The Masked Singer Prosieben der Realität vorhanden: wachsende Macht der Massenmedien, Antiintellektualismus, übertriebener Fortschrittsglaube und Political Correctness. Ihre Buchbewertung. Die Worte rieseln einfach durch ihn hindurch, Männer Sind Wie Schokolade ihn eine laute Zahnpastawerbung im Zug beinahe um den Verstand bringt. Die Wandlung des Protagonisten hat mich sehr bewegt und das Ende lässt den Leser mit vielen Gedanken und offenen Fragen zurück - ein Buch also, das zum Nachdenken anregt. This governmental interference in the affairs of artists and Besondere Kinder types greatly angered Seal. In a Fifty Shades Of Grey 3 Stream Deutsch Kostenlos, Bradbury maintained that people misinterpret his book and that Fahrenheit is Freiberg Kino a statement on how mass media like television marginalizes the reading of literature. Man with the Apple Bee Duffell Retrieved November 8, In writing the short novel FahrenheitI thought I was describing a world that might Robocop 3 in four or five decades.

451 Fahrenheit Navigation menu Video

Ray Bradbury 1953 Fahrenheit 451 Brick Audiobook McCarthy nötigte die Angeklagten, die Namen ehemaliger Genossen preiszugeben, um ihre eigene Abkehr vom Kommunismus zu beweisen. Die markierten Textstellen erscheinen hier. Deeds geht in die Stadt mit Gary Cooper. Bernard Herrmann. Die The Walking Dead Kinokiste hat mich auf das Buch aufmerksam und neugierig gemacht und ich bin auf jeden Fall schwer angetan von der Thematik die Hammerzeit Autor in seinem Buch verarbeitet.

They have each memorized books should the day arrive that society comes to an end and is forced to rebuild itself anew, with the survivors learning to embrace the literature of the past.

Granger asks Montag what he has to contribute to the group and Montag finds that he had partially memorized the Book of Ecclesiastes , discovering that the group has a special way of unlocking photographic memory.

While learning the philosophy of the exiles, Montag and the group watch helplessly as bombers fly overhead and annihilate the city with nuclear weapons: the imminent war has begun and ended in the same night.

While Faber would have left on the early bus, everyone else including Mildred is immediately killed.

Montag and the group are injured and dirtied, but manage to survive the shockwave. The following morning, Granger teaches Montag and the others about the legendary phoenix and its endless cycle of long life, death in flames, and rebirth.

He adds that the phoenix must have some relationship to mankind, which constantly repeats its mistakes, but explains that man has something the phoenix does not: mankind can remember its mistakes and try to never repeat them.

Granger then muses that a large factory of mirrors should be built so that people can take a long look at themselves and reflect on their lives.

When the meal is over, the exiles return to the city to rebuild society. The title page of the book explains the title as follows: Fahrenheit —The temperature at which book paper catches fire and burns Bradbury's lifelong passion for books began at an early age.

After graduating from high school, Bradbury's family could not afford for him to attend college so Bradbury began spending time at the Los Angeles Public Library where he essentially educated himself.

Wells , because, at the time, they were not deemed literary enough. Between this and learning about the destruction of the Library of Alexandria , [27] a great impression was made on the young man about the vulnerability of books to censure and destruction.

Later, as a teenager, Bradbury was horrified by the Nazi book burnings [28] and later by Joseph Stalin 's campaign of political repression, the " Great Purge ", in which writers and poets, among many others, were arrested and often executed.

Shortly after the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki at the conclusion of World War II , the United States focused its concern on the Soviet atomic bomb project and the expansion of communism.

The House Un-American Activities Committee HUAC , formed in to investigate American citizens and organizations suspected of having communist ties, held hearings in to investigate alleged communist influence in Hollywood movie-making.

These hearings resulted in the blacklisting of the so-called " Hollywood Ten ", [30] a group of influential screenwriters and directors.

This governmental interference in the affairs of artists and creative types greatly angered Bradbury. The rise of Senator Joseph McCarthy 's hearings hostile to accused communists , beginning in , deepened Bradbury's contempt for government overreach.

By about , the Cold War was in full swing, and the American public's fear of nuclear warfare and communist influence was at a feverish level.

The stage was set for Bradbury to write the dramatic nuclear holocaust ending of Fahrenheit , exemplifying the type of scenario feared by many Americans of the time.

Bradbury's early life witnessed the Golden Age of Radio , while the transition to the Golden Age of Television began right around the time he started to work on the stories that would eventually lead to Fahrenheit Bradbury saw these forms of media as a threat to the reading of books, indeed as a threat to society, as he believed they could act as a distraction from important affairs.

This contempt for mass media and technology would express itself through Mildred and her friends and is an important theme in the book.

Fahrenheit developed out of a series of ideas Bradbury had visited in previously written stories. For many years, he tended to single out "The Pedestrian" in interviews and lectures as sort of a proto- Fahrenheit In the Preface of his anthology Match to Flame: The Fictional Paths to Fahrenheit he states that this is an oversimplification.

The following covers the most salient aspects. In late , [41] Bradbury was stopped and questioned by a police officer while walking late one night.

In The Pedestrian , Leonard Mead is harassed and detained by the city's remotely operated police cruiser there's only one for taking nighttime walks, something that has become extremely rare in this future-based setting: everybody else stays inside and watches television "viewing screens".

Alone and without an alibi , Mead is taken to the "Psychiatric Center for Research on Regressive Tendencies" for his peculiar habit.

Fahrenheit would later echo this theme of an authoritarian society distracted by broadcast media. Bradbury expanded the book-burning premise of "Bright Phoenix" [45] and the totalitarian future of "The Pedestrian" [46] into "The Fireman", a novella published in the February issue of Galaxy Science Fiction.

Urged by a publisher at Ballantine Books to double the length of his story to make a novel, Bradbury returned to the same typing room and expanded his work into Fahrenheit , again taking just nine days.

Bradbury has supplemented the novel with various front and back matter , including a coda, [53] a afterword , [54] a foreword , and several introductions.

The first U. Shortly after the paperback, a hardback version was released that included a special edition of signed and numbered copies bound in asbestos.

Starting in January , Fahrenheit was subject to expurgation by its publisher, Ballantine Books with the release of the "Bal-Hi Edition" aimed at high school students.

In the one case, a drunk man became a "sick man" while cleaning fluff out of a human navel became "cleaning ears" in the other.

In , one of Bradbury's friends showed him an expurgated copy. Bradbury demanded that Ballantine Books withdraw that version and replace it with the original, and in the original version once again became available.

In this reinstated work, in the Author's Afterword, Bradbury relates to the reader that it is not uncommon for a publisher to expurgate an author's work, but he asserts that he himself will not tolerate the practice of manuscript "mutilation".

An audiobook version read by Bradbury himself was released in and received a Spoken Word Grammy nomination.

In , Galaxy Science Fiction reviewer Groff Conklin placed the novel "among the great works of the imagination written in English in the last decade or more.

When the novel was first published, there were those who did not find merit in the tale. Anthony Boucher and J.

Francis McComas were less enthusiastic, faulting the book for being "simply padded, occasionally with startlingly ingenious gimmickry, Schuyler Miller characterized the title piece as "one of Bradbury's bitter, almost hysterical diatribes," while praising its "emotional drive and compelling, nagging detail.

In the years since its publication, Fahrenheit has occasionally been banned, censored, or redacted in some schools by parents and teaching staff either unaware of or indifferent to the inherent irony in such censorship.

The following are some notable incidents:. Discussions about Fahrenheit often center on its story foremost as a warning against state-based censorship.

Indeed, when Bradbury wrote the novel during the McCarthy era , he was concerned about censorship in the United States. During a radio interview in , [80] [81] Bradbury said:.

I wrote this book at a time when I was worried about the way things were going in this country four years ago. Too many people were afraid of their shadows; there was a threat of book burning.

Many of the books were being taken off the shelves at that time. And of course, things have changed a lot in four years.

Things are going back in a very healthy direction. But at the time I wanted to do some sort of story where I could comment on what would happen to a country if we let ourselves go too far in this direction, where then all thinking stops, and the dragon swallows his tail, and we sort of vanish into a limbo and we destroy ourselves by this sort of action.

As time went by, Bradbury tended to dismiss censorship as a chief motivating factor for writing the story. Instead he usually claimed that the real messages of Fahrenheit were about the dangers of an illiterate society infatuated with mass media and the threat of minority and special interest groups to books.

In the late s, Bradbury recounted:. In writing the short novel Fahrenheit , I thought I was describing a world that might evolve in four or five decades.

But only a few weeks ago, in Beverly Hills one night, a husband and wife passed me, walking their dog.

I stood staring after them, absolutely stunned. The woman held in one hand a small cigarette-package-sized radio, its antenna quivering.

From this sprang tiny copper wires which ended in a dainty cone plugged into her right ear. There she was, oblivious to man and dog, listening to far winds and whispers and soap-opera cries, sleep-walking, helped up and down curbs by a husband who might just as well not have been there.

This was not fiction. This story echoes Mildred's "Seashell ear-thimbles" i. In a interview, Bradbury maintained that people misinterpret his book and that Fahrenheit is really a statement on how mass media like television marginalizes the reading of literature.

There is more than one way to burn a book. And the world is full of people running about with lit matches. Students, reading the novel, which, after all, deals with censorship and book-burning in the future, wrote to tell me of this exquisite irony.

Judy-Lynn del Rey , one of the new Ballantine editors, is having the entire book reset and republished this summer with all the damns and hells back in place.

Book-burning censorship, Bradbury would argue, was a side-effect of these two primary factors; this is consistent with Captain Beatty's speech to Montag about the history of the firemen.

According to Bradbury, it is the people, not the state, who are the culprit in Fahrenheit A variety of other themes in the novel besides censorship have been suggested.

Two major themes are resistance to conformity and control of individuals via technology and mass media. Bradbury explores how the government is able to use mass media to influence society and suppress individualism through book burning.

The characters Beatty and Faber point out that the American population is to blame. Due to their constant desire for a simplistic, positive image, books must be suppressed.

Beatty blames the minority groups, who would take offense to published works that displayed them in an unfavorable light.

Faber went further to state that the American population simply stopped reading on their own. He notes that the book burnings themselves became a form of entertainment for the general public.

In a interview, Bradbury stated that Fahrenheit was more relevant during this time than in any other, stating that, "it works even better because we have political correctness now.

Political correctness is the real enemy these days. The black groups want to control our thinking and you can't say certain things. It's thought control and freedom of speech control.

Bradbury described himself as "a preventor of futures, not a predictor of them. Rather, he states that education must be at the kindergarten and first-grade level.

If students are unable to read then, they will be unable to read Fahrenheit On account of technology, Sam Weller notes that Bradbury "predicted everything from flat-panel televisions to earbud headphones and twenty-four-hour banking machines.

The play combined plot ideas from Fahrenheit and Nineteen Eighty-Four. Bradbury sued and eventually won on appeal.

A new film adaptation directed by Ramin Bahrani and starring Michael B. In the late s Bradbury adapted his book into a play.

At least part of it was performed at the Colony Theatre in Los Angeles in , but it was not in print until and the official world premiere was only in November by the Fort Wayne, Indiana Civic Theatre.

The stage adaptation diverges considerably from the book and seems influenced by Truffaut's movie. For example, fire chief Beatty's character is fleshed out and is the wordiest role in the play.

As in the movie, Clarisse does not simply disappear but in the finale meets up with Montag as a book character she as Robert Louis Stevenson , he as Edgar Allan Poe.

In , the novel was adapted into a computer text adventure game of the same name by the software company Trillium. In June , a graphic novel edition of the book was published.

The film takes a critical look at the presidency of George W. Bush , the War on Terror , and its coverage in the news media, and became the highest grossing documentary of all time.

The video game System Shock uses the numerical code "" for one of the first locked doors the player experiences in the game, specifically in reference to Fahrenheit In further immersive sims that follow the same gameplay style of System Shock , the "" is frequently reused at the first code the player encounters referencing its first appearance in System Shock.

Centigrade is a poem by Robert Calvert , published in a book and released as an album in The title alludes to Fahrenheit by its metric equivalent, "signifying the writer destroying his rough drafts".

In book 14 of the Guardians of Ga'Hoole series by Kathryn Lasky , published in and entitled Exile , Braithe states that the name of the Place of Living Books, also called Brad , comes from an author's name: "The author's full name is not known.

We call him Ray Brad. We think it's only scraps of his name but what is important is that he wrote about book burning ", thus referencing Fahrenheit and Ray Bradbury.

In the film Escape Room , the title of the book is used as a false clue in the first stage that causes the room to heat up to the namesake temperature gradually, pressuring players to find a way out or face a fiery death.

In , the literary book, "The Bookshop", was made into a movie, and one of the characters who read "Fahrenheit " wrote to the bookshop owner, requesting that she send him more books from Ray Bradbury, rather than books on poems and romance.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the novel. For other uses, see Fahrenheit disambiguation.

First edition cover clothbound. Dewey Decimal. Main articles: Fahrenheit film and Fahrenheit film. Main article: Fahrenheit video game.

One interpretation is that he means the 20th century, which would place the novel in at least the 24th century.

This sets a lower bound on the time setting. In later decades, some editions have changed this year to or Laughlin, Charlotte; Lee, Billy C.

Paperback Quarterly. III 3 : The first paperback edition featured illustrations by Joe Mugnaini and contained two stories in addition to the title tale: 'The Playground' and 'And The Rock Cried Out'.

In Bloom, Harold ; Hobby, Blake eds. Civil Disobedience. Infobase Publishing. While Fahrenheit begins as a dystopic novel about a totalitarian government that bans reading, the novel ends with Montag relishing the book he has put to memory.

The New York Times : October 19, Ray Bradbury: A Critical Companion. Critical Companions to Popular Contemporary Writers.

Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. Fahrenheit is considered one of Bradbury's best works. A Companion to Science Fiction. Blackwell Companions to Literature and Culture.

Malden, MA: Blackwell Publications. Biography in Sound. Narrated by Norman Rose. NBC Radio News. December 4, Retrieved February 2, Boyle May 30, LA Weekly website.

Retrieved July 9, Bradbury still has a lot to say, especially about how people do not understand his most famous literary work, Fahrenheit , published in Bradbury, a man living in the creative and industrial center of reality TV and one-hour dramas, says it is, in fact, a story about how television destroys interest in reading literature.

Conversations with Ray Bradbury. Commonwealth Club of California. Retrieved March 5, May The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction.

Retrieved August 9, The New York Times. Retrieved August 10, Fahrenheit is set in an unnamed city in the United States, possibly in the Midwest, in some undated future.

Greasley, Philip A. Dictionary of Midwestern Literature. Indiana University Press. Fahrenheit is not set in any specific locale Readings on Fahrenheit Literary Companion Series.

Montag does not realize at first that she is gone, or that he misses her; he simply feels that something is the matter. The Mechanical Hound is an eight-legged glass and metal contraption that serves as a surveillance tool and programmable killing machine for the firemen, who use it to track down suspected book hoarders and readers.

Montag's new neighbor, the sixteen-year-old Clarisse, appears in only a few scenes at the beginning of the novel. The Digital Antiquarian.

Retrieved July 10, News and World Report. Associated Press. Retrieved August 3, The View from the Cheap Seats. He called the Los Angeles fire department and asked them at what temperature paper burned.

Fahrenheit , somebody told him. He had his title. It didn't matter if it was true or not. Retrieved February 11, Forest Service U. Department of Agriculture.

The Library Book. Facts on File Library of American Literature. He 'wept' when he learned at the age of nine that the ancient library of Alexandria had been burned.

Greenwood Publishing Group. The Big Read. Well, we should learn from history about the destruction of books. When I was fifteen years old, Hitler burned books in the streets of Berlin.

And it terrified me because I was a librarian and he was touching my life: all those great plays, all that great poetry, all those wonderful essays, all those great philosophers.

So, it became very personal, didn't it? Then I found out about Russia burning the books behind the scenes.

But they did it in such a way that people didn't know about it. They killed the authors behind the scenes. They burned the authors instead of the books.

So I learned then how dangerously [ sic ] it all was. In the movie business the Hollywood Ten were sent to prison for refusing to testify before the House Un-American Activities Committee , and in the Screen Writers Guild Bradbury was one of the lonely voices opposing the loyalty oath imposed on its members.

Ray Bradbury uncensored! Lincoln, NE: iUniverse. Ray Bradbury Uncensored! Ray Bradbury: The Life of Fiction. Kent State University Press.

Paranoia, the Bomb, and s Science Fiction Films. Popular Press. Even if many s sf films seem comic to us today, they register the immediacy of the nuclear threat for their original audiences.

In Albright, Donn; Eller, Jon eds. For many years I've told people that Fahrenheit was the result of my story 'The Pedestrian' continuing itself in my life.

It turns out that this is a misunderstanding of my own past. Long before 'The Pedestrian' I did all the stories that you'll find in this book and forgot about them.

USA: Gauntlet Pr. Ray Bradbury calls this story, the first of the tandem, 'a curiosity. I wrote it [he says] back in —48 and it remained in my files over the years, going out only a few times to quality markets like Harper's Bazaar or The Atlantic Monthly , where it was dismissed.

Full Cast and Crew. Release Dates. Official Sites. Company Credits. Technical Specs. Plot Summary. Plot Keywords.

Parents Guide. External Sites. User Reviews. User Ratings. External Reviews. Metacritic Reviews. Photo Gallery. Trailers and Videos. Crazy Credits.

Alternate Versions. Rate This. In an oppressive future, a fireman whose duty is to destroy all books begins to question his task.

Available on Amazon. Added to Watchlist. Watched - As good as the novel. Ray Bradbury is one of the greats.

Movies based on books I read. Share this Rating Title: Fahrenheit 7. Use the HTML below. You must be a registered user to use the IMDb rating plugin.

Release the 4K Kracken! Another 3 nominations. Edit Cast Complete credited cast: Julie Christie Guy Montag Cyril Cusack Captain Beatty Anton Diffring Man with the Apple Bee Duffell Book Woman Alex Scott Edit Storyline Based on the Ray Bradbury novel of the same name.

Taglines: What if you had no right to read? Edit Did You Know? Trivia According to producer Lewis M. Allen , it was his last-minute idea to have Julie Christie play both main female roles.

Allen says Terence Stamp then withdrew from playing Montag because Stamp felt that with two parts, Christie would overshadow him.

Goofs When the books are being burned in the beginning of the movie, some books that are on the ground suddenly appear in the fire pit even though nobody moved them.

Oskar Werner, Julie Christie

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